Highlands

Arequipa

Arequipa is khown as the "White City", because many of the buildings on the city are built of sillar, a whaxite volcanic stone which happens to be white. Three volcnoes tower over the city: Chachani, Misti and Pichu Pichu.

Founded in 1540, Arequipa is filled with colonial churches and mansions, including Santa Catalina, a restored convent established in 1579. The Cathedral on the Main Square, the churches La Compañía, San Francisco, La Merced and some other restored mansions worth a visit.

Don´t miss a tour to Arequipa´s countryside; Sabandia (8 kms), a restored mill with a spectacular view of the Misti, and La Casa del Fundador (the founder's mansion - 10 ks), a restored mansion in Huasacache. 160 kms. From Arequipa are the Petroglyphs of Toro Muerto, which group 6,000 blocks with engravings of approximately 1,200 years of age.

Cusco

Cusco, the "Archaeological Capital of America" was the capital of the fabled Inca Empire. Most striking in Cusco is the superimposition and mingling of three cultures: the native Quechua indian, the conquering colonial Spanish and the modern. Cusco´s main square known as the Wajaypata in Inca days, was the site of many religious, cultural and ethnic celebrations and is still an ideal meeting place.

There, practically at all times, you can find people from all over the world hanging around. The Cathedral and La Compañia, two of Cusco's main colonial churches, beautifully frame the plaza. Other colonial churches which should not be missed are Santo Domingo, the convent of Santa Catalina and San Blas with its famous pulpit, in the neighborhood of the artist's quarter.

A visit to Cusco without a pilgrimage to the legendary Machu Picchu is unthinkable. Trains depart Cusco daily for a three to four hours trip to Machu Picchu and return to Cusco in the afternoon, unless you're staying in a Hotel in the archeological site or at Aguas Calientes. The more adventurous can nike and camp on the Inca trail, a three to four day trek, which can be arranged in Cusco.

Day trips through the Sacred Valley of the Incas to the fortress of Ollantaytambo and the Inca agricultural terraces of Pisaq should not be passed up. From Cusco excursions to Sacsayhuaman, the massive Inca fortress overlooking the city, Tambomachay, Puka-Pukara and Kenko can also be arranged in any agency, but be cautious, some people in the street will offer themselves to guide you, might be putting up a scam.An excursion to the colorful indian markets of Pisac or Chinchero will load you up with handicrafts; both towns have Inca remains.

Cajamarca

The charming city, considered Historical and Cultural Patrimony of the Américas, was transformed during the inca's time into an administrative, military and religious center of singular importance. The city reflects the Spanish influence in the architecture of the Cathedral, the churchs of San Francisco, Bethlehem and the Recoleta; and in its houses of two floors and ceilings.

The charming city, considered Historical and Cultural Patrimony of the Américas, was transformed during the inca's time into an administrative, military and religious center of singular importance. The city reflects the Spanish influence in the architecture of the Cathedral, the churchs of San Francisco, Bethlehem and the Recoleta; and in its houses of two floors and ceilings.

In the province of San Pablo are two great archaeological complexes: Cumbemayo, vestige of ceremonial altars and Inca's aqueducts, and Kuntur Wasi, ceremonial complex of several seats and platforms maintained by stone walls of great size. The carnival of Cajamarca is one of most famous of Peru. In him the people of the districts and institutions participate until the burial of "Ño Carnavalón". The celebration last a month approximately, but the central days are reduced to eight, which nobody is saved of "chapuzón", means that the people play with water all day.

Huaraz

Huaraz was inhabited since old times by diverse civilizations from stages pre-Inca and Inca, was founded like Spanish city on XVI Century by Geronimo de Aliaga. Located in the central mountain range, the zone of the Alley of Huaylas to 3.052 m.u. s.l. (10.013 feet), at borders of the river Santa.

The Weather is a Dry climate and tempering, characteristic of the average floors of the region quechua. Its temperature average is 16.6 Celcius Degrees (61.88°F) at the day, and 12.6°C (54.68°F) at night; season of rains is from October until April.

This city has been reconstructed almost whole, after outside destroyed by the earthquake at 31th May in 1970, for that reason their architecture and constructions do not have the characteristics of the Andean cities. The city of Huaraz is one of the tourist centers of greater activity in Peru, mainly in the zone of the Alley of Huaylas.

Also very close of this city are the thermal baths of Monterrey and Chancos, with their waters that contain diverse minerals with health properties for the repairing rest..


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